You say "................" words to people e.g. I said I didn´t pass my exam.
In the following exercise choose from the verbs say, tell, explain, speak, talk.
Practice Exercise 1
The managing director (1) the staff that he was very pleased with the company profits for the year. He (2) they would all get a rise. Afterwards the company accountant (3) about taxes and (4) they could put the money in a pension scheme if they wanted to. One of the staff (5) to him afterwards and asked about shares in the company.
Answers (1) told (2) said (3) explained (4) said (5) spoke ( 6) said (7) speak (8) explain ( 9) talk, speak (10) told (11) told (12) tell
Practice Exercise 2. A simple story, but the exercise is difficult!
The old rabbit ……(1), "The traffic is very dangerous for the young rabbits here. I'm going to….(2) all the other rabbits to move." When he ……(3) to the other rabbits what he wanted to do they all…….(4) there was nowhere safe. He…….(5) he would investigate. He………(6) to the rabbits who lived in the countryside and they …(7) him that men came to kill them with poison and guns and traps. 'I will….(8) to the city rabbits', he……(9) and …..(10) his family he was going to the city. In the city he………(11) his problem. 'You're lucky', they……..(12). 'Here they put us in cages and zoos. Stay where you are', they…...(13) him. 'Better the devil you know than the devil you don't'.*
*This is a saying, a proverb, in English.
Answers:. 1.said/explained 2.tell 3.explain 4.said 5.said 6. spoke 7.told 8.talk/speak 9.said 10.told 11. explained 12.said 13. told
See The A - Z of English Grammar & Usage for the rules.